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Derridova destrukce fenomenologické intencionální konstituce

Filozofia, 47 (1992), 12, 705-711.
Typ článku: State

Husserl’s perspective ensures the harmony between the experiencing pole and the significativity pole. On Derrida’s view the methodological reduction has been implicitly incorporated by Husserl into his conception of sign and meaning already in his Logical Investigations where the subjective experience was emancipated from its relation to communicative aspects. In his Speech and Phenomena Derrida made the most problematic the very grounds of Husseerl’s philosophy, namely the intentional constitution. He made clear that there is an antinomy between the experiencing pole (Self-Presence) and the significativity pole. As soon as we formulate our perception, we find ourselves in the domain of the significativity which in its relation to experiencing is autonomous. It is the immanent sense of the domain of significativity that demands that the domain of the significativity gets emancipated, the perception and the intuition being irrelevant to it. On the other hand, the experiencing (Self-Presence) would be threatened, if it had still to be constituted. The Self-Presence ought not, says Derrida, to know anything about the force of the sign mediation; he sees Husserl’s "principle of principles" as eo ipso not significative.

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