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Hlavné smery maďarskej filozofie v 19. storočí (východiská vývojových trendov v 20. storočí)

Filozofia, 52 (1997), 1, 21-30.
Typ článku: State

The paper examines the development of the Hungarian philosophy of the 19th century. The author focuses on four main periods: the first one was the period of the establishment of the Hungarian philosophy (the Enlightenment, the discussion of Kant's philosophy and the introduction of the Hungarian terminology). The second one was marked by an attempt to articulate a national philosophy (so called philosophy of harmony), and by the dispute about Hegel's philosophy. After the revolution some traces of Hegel's and Fries' philosophies were still present, while the liberalism underwent a selfreflection and the materialism came up with its pretensions, but failed. The last three decades were dominated by neokantianism and positivism, which gave rise to the first original Hungarian philosophical system based on axiology.

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