Skočiť na hlavný obsah

Detail príspevku/publikácie

Filozofia a medicína

Filozofia, 30 (1975), 5, 540-554.
Typ článku: State a diskusie - Filozofické problémy medicíny
Philosophy and medicine unite in the fact that natural-scientific thinking is not apt to grasp man in his whole individual-social reality and can not thus lead to a complete diagnosis, therapy and prevention. The development of sciences, in which, on a higher level, the category of inteprity is applied, implied by the notion of the dialectical „contradiction” (Widerspruchvolle Einheit), leads to a medically respected theory of man, which is now an inter-divisional-philosophical branch. The substance of philosophy is the theory of categories that form at the same time the theoretical principle of all sciences and form its universal unity of contents and methods. In the epoch of a transition of sciences from the experimental stage to the theoretical one it means an integration of sciences first of all with the philosophical categoriology with the inevitable consequence for medicine itself. The logic of scientific thinking is not, at the same time, purely formal, but materially objective, „Bedeutungslogik“ or more concrete „Gegenstandslogik“, that in the philosophical basic direction to the social practice in the consequentially rational elaboration is dialectical thinking. Philosophy as a principle of sci ntific thinking and knowledge gravitated, therefore, towards dialectical thinking and medicine, which rose by connecting the healing and philosophical terminology, has been applying, from the beginning, the category of the whole and by the ethics of Hippocratic oath has remained connected by its substance, with philosophy.
Súbor na stiahnutie: PDF