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Publication Details

The Concept of Culture in the Thinking of Lajčiak and Hanus

(Original title: Koncepcia kultúry v Lajčiakovom a Hanusovom myslení)
Filozofia, 79 (2024), 1, 54 - 66.
Type of work: Original Articles - The History of Slovak Philosophy and Political Thinking
Publication language: Slovak
The study approaches the philosophical concepts of national culture of Ján Lajčiak and Ladislav Hanus. Both authors were among the original thinkers who dealt with the problem of the philosophy of culture in Slovakia in the first half of the 20th century. Emphasis is placed on the role of philosophical reflection, in which Lajčiak and Hanus replace the issue of the nation, the development of national consciousness and speech with a discourse focused on the idea of culture. In this context, attention is paid to the role of modern scientific impulses and evolution, respectively European tradition, and plurality. The study simultaneously analyses the shift in the assessment of the status of the people and the consequences of the romantic idealization of social reality, which were in contrast with the needs and demands of contemporary society. The space is devoted to Lajčiak and Hanus’ criticism of the persistent conception of national culture as a one-sided model, within which other conceptions were considered inadmissible and harmful. The philosophical conceptions of Lajčiak and Hanus simultaneously demonstrate the discontinuity of the development of the philosophy of the history of culture in Slovakia, because Hanus’s conception only marginally follows Lajčiak’s conclusions.

Lajčiak, Hanus, Culture, Nation, Evolution, Tradition, Pluralism, Humanism

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