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Nesoulad mezi morfosyntaxí a sémantikou podmínkových souvětí

Filozofia, 79 (2024), 2, 150 - 167.
Typ článku: State
The semantic analysis of conditional sentences does not entirely align with their morphosyntactic structure. I substantiate this hypothesis with instances from both Czech and English that extend beyond conventional textbook examples. I also highlight that logicians and philosophers often make terminological errors when they disregard the insights from linguistic disciplines. Despite the early analytic philosophy’s emphasis on terminological precision, the practical application falls significantly short of this ideal. I firmly believe that a proper understanding of the morphosyntax and semantics of conditional sentences is a prerequisite for their classification and analysis. In our pursuit of a comprehensive exploration of conditional clauses, we must also grapple with methodological challenges that delve into the very core of the philosophy of language. The primary issue revolves around the fact that two out of the three a priori methods in philosophy rely heavily on the analysis of conditional sentences: thought experiments and modal metaphysics.
Kľúčové slová

Philosophy of language, Logic, linguistics, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, conditional sentences, indicative conditionals, subjunctive conditionals

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