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Dialektika vnútorného vývoja fyzikálnych teórií

Filozofia, 31 (1976), 4, 406-414.
Typ článku: State - Filozofické problémy prírodných vied
The first links in the chain of the historical dialectical development of physical theories of either classical or modem physics, originated on the basis of the unifying generalization of experimental facts. But as soon as these historically oldest theories had originated, they contained in themselves the impetus of a further development and of a rise of new theories without a direct operation of experiment. The main driving force of the inner development is represented by the variance of contradictions existing in every formed theory that is solved by dialectic negation. The theoretical solution of inner contradictions by means of dialectical negation had always meant an immense jump in the development of physical theories. The dialectical negation operating in this process of development contains, besides its all widely known qualities, also a rationally injustifiable and logically — disjunctive jump from the level of experience to premises. These disjunctive jumps led through strong abstractions of theoretical thinking to revolutionary consequences the correctness of which has been confirmed a posteriori by experiments.
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