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Kritika existenciálneho subjektu (Sartre-Foucault)

Filozofia, 53 (1998), 7, 424-434.
Typ článku: State

The paper is a confrontation of Sartre's and Foucault's views on subject. The author tries to avoid simplifications which often appear in the commentaries on this issue. In its first part the paper therefore presents the authentic attitudes of both philosophers. In its second part Foucault's criticism od Sartres conception of subject is given, concerning the identity, authenticity and autonomy of the subject. In conclusion some aspects of Freud's conception of unconsciousness are examnied as well as of Saussure's theory of language; both of them were the basis of Foucault's criticism and both of them played also an essential role in the "deconstruction" of subject.

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