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Kritika Carnapovho indukcionizmu

Filozofia, 30 (1975), 4, 400-426.
Typ článku: State a diskusie - Logika a filozofické problémy prírodných vied
The paper is a sequel to the study (10'). In the first part various theories of scientific systems and adequate theories of logic are investigated It is the dualistic non-centralized (neo-positivism), the dualistic centralized (Hegel, Lenin), the purely synthetical (Mill) and the purely analytical (conventionalism) scientific systems that are concerned. It is being proved ■ that Carnap’s conception of logic is not adequate to science as multi-level, centralized, open system. The second part points out that Carnap’s theory of induction presupposes positive ontology and thus1 a contradiction rises between Carnap’s demand of analytical character of inductive logic and Carnap’s axiomatics of this logic. The third part investigates the structure of the nominalistic Carnapian science and its properties; Carnapian science is atheoretical, adeductive, conservative, phenomenological and irrational.
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