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K problematice těla

Filozofia, 49 (1994), 9, 564-574.
Typ článku: State

The problem of human body is a perpetual one and as such inherent to the problem of perpetual incarnation of spiritual contents,embodying human body as well as the body of an animal, a plant or the „body“ of an idea, i. e. a word, a sentence, a proposition, a theory, a poem or the „bodily“ character of a work of art. In the paper body is treated as „Sóma“, „Sarx“, „Péxis“; attention is paid also to Bergsonian and Bohmean conceptions of „objectivness“ and to related conceptions of „Leib“ and „Korper“. The author gives prefference to the anticartesian conception as suggested today by oriental philosophies and by the results of philosophers mentioned. The paper’s conclusion is the phenomenological conception of body and „bodiness“ drawing upon Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. Further, the criticism od modem neopositivistic approach to body based on Descartian ontological and epistemological dualism is developed.

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