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K otázke kauzality vo vývoji vedeckého myslenia

Filozofia, 43 (1988), 3, 295-308.
Typ článku: State - Filozofická otázky vedeckého poznania

In the paper the author documents that causality problems were known in the philosophy of the Antique. They were further developed in the relational thinking of the New Age. There cause-effect chains were widely used, though within the framework of the given whole, thing. External influence (cause) was not important enough working for this conception. Such factors became important only in the causal thinking which is usually connected with the Darwinian natural science. Causal thinking considers important only one-way influence of external determinants upon the whole. The elements of the causal, dynamical class are only main, not secondary causes. In causal thinking the object is also partially closed and it expresses only the recurring part of the differentiated world.

These mentioned shortcomings are removed only by the materialists which pick out the moment of the non-recurring mosaic of being. It connects not only the evolutionary development and the discontiuous development, causality and interaction, it deepens the knowledge of causes as the contradiction, as the essence and it also covers inner causa sui, self-determination and the relative character of external causes.

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